BSc Botany 2nd Year All Semester Notes Books Download Free PDF

BSc Botany 2nd Year All Semester Notes Books Download Free PDF :- 

 

UNIT – I

Systematics : Principles of classification, Binomial nomenclature; comparative study of different classification systems, viz. Linnaeus, Bentham & Hooker, Engler & Prantl, Hutchinson, and Cronquist.”

UNIT – II

Taxonomic study of following families and their economic importance :

Dicots ; Ranunculaceae, Malvaceae, Brassicaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Rosaceae, Leguminosacae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Rubiaceae, Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Amaranthaceae.

Monocots : Cyperaceae, Poaceae, Arecaceae, Liliaceae.

UNIT – III

External morphology of vegetative and floral parts; modifications—phyllodes, cladodes, and phylloclades. Meristems-kinds, study of tissue system-epidermal, ground, and vascular.

Anatomy of roots, stems and leaves. Cambium-its function and anomalies in roots and stems; root-shoot transition .

UNIT – IV

Structure and development of male female gametophytes-microsporogenesis, microgametogenesis megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis embryo sac types. ‘Doble fertilization, development of embryo, endosperm, development and its morphological nature, apomixis and polyembryony.

BSc 2nd Year Notes

BSc Botany Part IV 

Diversity of Angiosperms Systematics Development & Reproduction

Short Question Answer

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Diversity Of Angiosperms Systematics Development & Reproduction Notes

Long Question Answer

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Long Question Answer Notes

BSc Part B, C, D

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Part B Question Answer Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Part C Question Answer Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Part D Question Answer Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany IV Mock Papers

BSc 2nd Year Notes

BSc Botany Part V

Cytology, Genetics, Evolution & Ecology

UNIT – I 

Cell structure, cell organelles, nucleus, chromosome structure, nucleosome and solenoid model, salivary gland, lampbrush and B chromosomes.

Cell division : mitosis, meiosis, their significance, chromosomal aberrations, cell cycle.

UNIT – II

Genetics : laws of inheritance, gene interaction, linkage and crossing over, cytoplasmic inheritance, sex determination.

UNIT – III 

Mutation : spontaneous, induced mutations, molecular mechanism and evolutionary significance, polyploidy origin, kinds and role in evolution. Evidences and theories of evolution,

UNIT – IV

Ecology : relation with other disciplines. Plant types : Hydrophytes-Hydrilla, Eichhornia, Nymphaea, Typha.

Xerophytes : Nerium, Casuarina, Asparaus, Calotropis, Parkinsonia. Plant sucession : xeroseres, hydroseres. Ecosystems : concept, basic types, components & functioning. Food chain, food web, energy flow and productivity.

Short Question Answer

Bsc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Short Notes

Long Question Answer

BSc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Long Notes

BSc Part B, C, D

BSc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Part B Notes

BSc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Part C Notes

BSc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Part D Notes

BSc 2nd Year Botany V Cytology Genetics Evolution And Ecology Mock Papers

BSc 2nd Year Notes

BSc Botany Part VI

Plant Physiology And Biochemisty

UNIT – I

Plant and water relationship, colligative properties of water. Water uptake, conduction, transpiration, mechanism and its regulation by environmental variables. Mineral Nutrition : Macro and micronutrients, their role, deficieny and toxicity, symptoms, plant culture practices, mechanism of ion uptake and translocation.

UNIT – II

Photosynthesis and Chemosynthesis : Photosynthetic pigments, 02 evolution, photophosphorylation. CO2 fixation : C3, C4 and CAM plants. Respiration : Aerobic and anaerobic respiration, respiratory pathways glycolysis, Krebs’ cycle, electron transport, oxidative phosphorylation, pentose phosphate pathway, photorespiration, cyanide resistant respiration. Lipid biosynthesis and its oxidation.

UNIT – III

Nitrogen Metabolism : Atmospheric nitrogen fixation,

nitrogen cycle, nitrogen assimilation, Growths, general aspects of phytohormones, inhibitors auxins, kinetin, gibberellins and ethylene : action and their application; photoperiodism and vernalization. Germination, growth movements, abscission and senescence.

UNIT – IV

Biomolecules : Classification, properties and biological role of carbohydrates, protein and lipids. Chemistry of nucleic acids, vitamins Discovery and nomenclature. Characteristics of enzymes, concepts of holoenzyme, apoenzyme, coenzyme and cofactorsRegulation of enzyme activity, Mechanism of action. Bioenergetics : Laws of thermodynamics, concept of Gibbs free energy and high energy compounds.

Short Question Answer

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemistry Short Notes

Long Question Answer

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemisty Long Notes

BSc Part B, C, D

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemisty Part B Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemisty Part C Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemisty Part D Notes

Bsc 2nd Year Botany VI Plant Physiology And Biochemistry Examination Paper 2018

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